Dar es Salaam Development Strategy

Happold Consulting
  • Dar es Salaam buildings
  • Dar es Salaam busy street
  • Dar es Salaam fruit market
  • Dar es Salaam street

1 / Introduction

Dar Es Salaam faces some key social and economic challenges as one of the poorest countries in Africa, with growing inequality despite GDP growth of 5-6% per year. There is a growing backlog of urban infrastructure requirements and transportation relies primarily on privately provided mini-buses. Water and electricity household connections remain low and 80% of housing is ‘informal’. In the past, masterplans for the city have not been implemented due to a lack of coordinated planning and inadequate resources.

Our work included an assessment of local and regional social and economic trends to establish a baseline and possible future growth scenarios for population, employment and economic activity. We examined the interaction of supply and demand for transport, utilities and housing to identify key future challenges and we reviewed existing planning documents in the light of the new Urban Planning Act 2007 to identify shortfalls.

Based on our assessment we developed Dar Es Salaam’s economic growth strategy. We also managed and maintained all geo-spatial in GIS and undertook density analysis, heat mapping and data management figure production. This all fed into the masterplanning process, which included major land uses and infrastructure services planning for the next 20 years.


Key facts

  • The ninth fastest growing city in the world
  • The commercial capital and largest city in Tanzania
  • Suffering from growing levels of social inequality and gaps in existing planning documents

Related Disciplines

The Project Details

Client: Ministry of Land, Housing and Human Settlements & the World Bank

Architect: Dodi Moss

Happold Consulting services: Economic Development, Regional Planning, Sustainability & Environment

Buro Happold: Environment, Transport, Urban Development, Water, Drainage & Storm Water Management, Flood Risk, Transport Planning

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